What are the types of essential construction fall protection?
It is not surprising that Organization Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) prioritizes safety more than other things. There have been more reports of construction worker deaths and injuries more than in other industries. As a result, OSHA establishes standards that must be met by construction companies to keep the workplace safe as well as the employees.
The most common aspects of OSHA regulations in the construction industry include the erection of scaffolding and installation of construction trash chutes. To ensure that employees working at height are protected from falls, OSHA recommends the use of fall protection equipment.
Meanwhile, the construction fall protection equipment can be grouped into four categories, according to OSHA. Here are some of what you need to know about them:
1. Fall Arrest Systems for construction fall protection
OSHA in S 1926.502(d) requires construction employees working at a height of at least 6 feet high to use a fall arrest system to prevent them again occupational fall hazards. This is essential especially when working from a surface other than scaffolding, steelwork, or ladders. The essence of the fall arrest system is to prevent a total fall even if the worker trips or falls off the surface. The fall arrest system includes the anchor point, a body harness, and a connector.
2. Positioning System
OSHA points out in S 1926.502(e) that an employee should use this fall protection equipment, especially when working with both hands on a raised platform. The positioning system makes it easy for employees to sit back and feel relaxed when working with both hands. When working on a ladder, this is a more suitable tool to use. However, it should be noted that it is not designed to work as a fall arrest system but must be used together with either belts, components, or harnesses.
3. Suspension System
OSHA, in S 1926.452(o), mentions that the suspension equipment system can lower and support the employee working in a hands-free work area or environment. This type of fall protection equipment is best suited for tasks such as painting and window washing jobs. However, the employee must use a fall arrest system in addition to the suspension system for full protection against falls.
4. Retrieval System
This, unlike other fall protection systems, is also called a rescue plan, as explained by OSHA in S 1926.502(d)(20). It is the basic part of a fall protection plan. It includes the post-fall aspect of retrieving an employee who has fallen. OSHA does not provide a guideline for this fall protection plan. However, every construction company is required to have a plan in place to retrieve any employee who falls.
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